HOW MANY KINDS OF BATS ARE THERE?

The order Chiroptera comprises at least 1,116 species (Simmons 2005), and is divided into two suborders: Megachiroptera (flying-foxes, a single family) and Microchiroptera (all other bats, 17 families). Brazilian bats are all microchiropterans.

In Brazil, there are eight bat families. The last official list includes 138 species (Aguiar & Taddei 1995), but a new list with 164 species appeared in 2008 in the new book ‘Morcegos no Brasil’ (Pacheco et al. 2008).

For taxonomical and geographical references on all mammals of the world, see the online version of the book Wilson & Reeder (2005).

 

The extant bat families are:

  • Pteropodidae (Megachiroptera)
  • Rhinopomatidae
  • Emballonuridae
  • Craseonycteridae
  • Nycteridae
  • Megadermatidae
  • Rhinolophidae
  • Hipposideridae
  • Mormoopidae
  • Noctilionidae
  • Phyllostomidae
  • Mystacinidae
  • Natalidae
  • Furipteridae
  • Thyropteridae
  • Myzopodidae
  • Vespertilionidae
  • Molossidae